The development of various modes of transport in Berwick and North Northumberland is explored in a number of pages on this site.
An outline of the arrival of the railway in Northumberland, and the railway stations which serviced it, as well as some sources for further exploration, can be found on the Railways in Berwick and North Northumberland page.
A history of local buses is given in Buses in Berwick and beyond.
An account of Berwick’s contribution to the growing popularity of bicycles in the later 19th and early 20th centuries appears in Devey bicycles and Cycling in Berwick.
The operation of a ferry service between Berwick and Spittal by the Spowart brothers, and their subsequent diversification into bus transport, is described in the Berwick Spowarts.
Stagecoaches, mail coaches, trains, and buses
An anthology of notes on successive modes transport and the imaginative names which sometimes accompanied them is given in an article by Fred Kennington: It’s all in the name (PDF).
The Edinburgh and London Royal Mail coach, 1838, by John Frederick Herring, Snr. (1795—1865). Denver Art Museum, Berger Collection, Colorado, USA [via Wikimedia Commons].
Locomotive No. 4468 Mallard at the National Railway Museum in York. Photo: PTG Dudva. [CC BY-SA-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons].