In the 19th century, families from North Northumberland and Lowland Scotland were recruited by the New Brunswick Land Company in Canada, “for the purpose of engaging families to settle on the company’s lands.”
The New Brunswick and Nova Scotia Land Company was formed in 1831 and chartered in 1834 (although it never apparently had any connection with Nova Scotia). Like other similar companies in Canada at that time, they were operating under a colonial administration which encouraged such companies to open up large tracts of land for the purpose of “profit of their colonial shareholders”.
The first party of settlers, 110 in number, sailed from Berwick-upon-Tweed in May 1836 aboard the D’Arcy; most were from the lowlands of Scotland, with a small number from the Wooler area of Northumberland in England. They settled in the Stanley settlement of New Brunswick.
A year later in May 1837 a further 137 settlers set sail from Berwick-upon-Tweed aboard the Cornelius, again from the lowlands of Scotland and Northumberland; however this time the majority came from Wooler and its surrounding area, and on arrival they settled in the Harvey settlement of New Brunswick. (An “Emigrant List for Harvey Settlement – August 1837”, based on the names of those who asked for land there, has been produced at the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick. To see a copy, click here.)
Both the D’Arcy and the Cornelius in which the settlers sailed to Canada were brand-new ‘brigs’ from Sunderland.
Much more on this fascinating story can be found on the dedicated website, The New Brunswick Land Company and the settlement of Stanley and Hamilton.
Several articles about the emigration have appeared in the Friends’ Newsletter, available in the following PDF files::
Newsletter No.27. June 2000. p.2. The D’Arcy.
Newsletter No.36. September 2002. pp. 17-18. Migration from Glendale to New Brunswick, Canada.
Newsletter No.50. April 2006. pp. 18-19. A postscript to the article on the Cornelius (and the Harvey Settlement in New Brunswick).
Berwick Record Office.